Bone Densitometry

The Centre is equipped with whole body DEXA/Bone densitometry from GE Lunar DPX Series

Introduction

Centre has best of the Dexa machine- from GE Healthcare .It has pencil Beam Technology to do complete whole body exam in just few minutes.

Every day, physicians use radiography, or X-Rays, to view and evaluate bone fractures and other injuries of the musculoskeletal system. However, a plain X-Ray test is not the best way to assess bone density. To detect osteoporosis accurately, doctors use an enhanced form of X-Ray technology called dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA). DEXA bone densitometry is today’s established standard for measuring bone mineral density (BMD). DEXA is a quick, painless procedure for measuring bone loss. Measurement of the lower spine and hips are most often done. More portable devices that measure the wrist, fingers or heel are sometimes used for screening, including some that use ultrasound waves rather than x-rays.

Bone Mineral Densitometry (BMD) is a technique used to measure the Bone Mineral Density, Lean Body Mass and the Body Fat. The DEXA machine is a whole body scanner that uses low dose X-rays at different sources that read bone and soft tissue mass simultaneously. The DEXA Scan procedure is highly accurate, safe and non-invasive and takes 10 to 20 minutes to perform. This technique is used to diagnose fracture tendency of bones and Osteoporosis.

Bone density testing is strongly recommended if you:
  • Are you a post-menopausal woman and not taking estrogen.
  • Have a personal or maternal history of hip fracture or smoking.
  • Are a post-menopausal woman who is tall (over 5 feet 7 inches) or thin (less than 125 pounds).
  • Are a man with clinical conditions associated with bone loss.
  • Use medications that are known to cause bone loss, including corticosteroids such as Prednisone, various anti-seizure medications such as Dilantin and certain barbiturates, or high-dose thyroid replacement drugs.
  • Have type 1 (formerly called juvenile or insulin-dependent) diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease or a family history of osteoporosis.
  • Have high bone turnover, which shows up in the form of excessive collagen in urine samples.
  • Have a thyroid condition, such as hyperthyroidism.
  • Have experienced a fracture after only mild trauma.
  • Have had x-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis.
BENEFITS OF BONE MINERAL DENSITOMETRY
  • Minimal radiation exposure
  • Accurate estimating for Osteoporosis and fracture risk
  • No radiation remains in the body
  • No side-effects
  • Most convenient method for both patients and physicians.