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ECHO

Centre is equipped with Whole Body ALOKA SSD-4000 & ALOKA SSD-3500 with ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY probe & latest Software

What is an echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram (also called echo) is a test used to assess the heart's function and structures. A transducer (like a microphone) sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed on your chest at certain locations and angles, the ultrasonic sound waves move through the skin and other body tissues to the heart tissues, where the waves echo or bounce off of the heart structures. The transducer picks up the reflected waves and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets the echoes into an image of the heart walls and valves.

An echocardiogram can utilize one or more of four special types of echocardiography:

  • M-Mode echocardiography: This is the simplest type of echocardiography. It produces an image that is similar to a line tracing rather than an actual picture of heart structures. M-mode echo is useful for measuring heart structures, such as the heart's pumping chambers, the size of the heart itself, and the thickness of the heart walls.
  • Doppler echocardiography: This Doppler technique is used to measure and assess the flow of blood through the heart's chambers and valves. The amount of blood pumped out with each beat is an indication of the heart's functioning. Also, Doppler can detect abnormal blood flow within the heart, which can indicate a problem with one or more of the heart's four valves or with the heart's walls.
  • Color Doppler: Color Doppler is an enhanced form of Doppler echocardiography. With color Doppler, different colors are used to designate the direction of blood flow. This adds information for the interpretation of the Doppler technique.
  • 2-D (2-dimensional) echocardiography: This technique is used to "see" the actual structures and motion of the heart structures. A 2-D echo view appears cone-shaped on the monitor, and the real-time motion of the heart's structures can be observed. This enables the physician to see the various heart structures at work and evaluate them.
  • 3-D (3-dimensional) echocardiography: This technology provides a 3-dimensional view of the heart using sound waves projected at various angles.
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