Mammography

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The Centre is equipped with Mammography from HOLOGIC MlV Series

Deewan Diagnostics, which is a comprehensive, multimodality state-of-the-art radiology and imaging facility,provides latest world class technology with most competent and highly skilled health care professionals. The centre provides a comprehensive breast cancer screening programme. The centre provides X-ray mammography facilities using CR facilities. Technology are also routinely performed, which are useful for detection of very small cancers and multiple cancerous areas in breast, especially in younger and high risk women. To detect cancer in its early stages, screening programmes have been devised. The cancer screening programme is meant for people who do not have any signs or symptoms of cancer and/or people who are at “high risk” of developing cancer. The aim is to detect unsuspected cancer at a time when cure is still possible. X-ray mammography is the primary breast imaging technology validated for screening purpose.

A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breasts. It is used to find tumour and to help tell the difference between noncancerous (benign) and cancerous (malignant) disease.

Why the Mammography Test is Performed?

Mammography is performed to screen healthy women for signs of breast cancer. It is also used to evaluate a woman who has symptoms of breast disease, such as a lump, nipple discharge, breast pain, dimpling of the skin on the breast, or retraction of the nipple.

Screening mammograms test help improve the detection of early breast cancer, when it is more likely to be curable.

  • Most but not all organizations recommend women for breast cancer screening at age 45 and have repeat mammograms test every 1 to 2 years
  • All women over age 50 should have a screening mammogram every 1 to 2 years

Women who have or had mother or sister with breast cancer should begin yearly mammograms earlier than the age the family member was diagnosed. Breast ultrasound may also be used to screen women at high risk.

In addition to mammography, clinical breast exams (the health care professional checks the breasts using the fingers) and monthly breast self-exams are often recommended.

  • Women aged 20 and older should have a clinical breast exam every 3 years
  • Women aged 45 and older should have a clinical breast exam every year

All women aged 20 and older perform monthly breast self-examination.

These are general recommendations for mammography, clinical breast exams, and breast self-exam. Women should discuss with their personal health care provider how often to receive breast cancer screening, including mammography and clinical breast exam. Recommendations vary depending on personal risk factors such as a strong family history of breast cancer.

What are the Types of Mammograms?

According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI):

1. Screening Mammogram. 

A screening mammogram is a breast X-ray used to identify breast changes in women who have no symptoms of breast cancer. Mainly it involves two X-rays of both breasts. it is possible to diagnose a tumor that cannot be felt, using a mammography test.

2. Diagnostic Mammogram. 

A diagnostic mammogram is a breast X-ray used to diagnose unusual breast changes, such as breast pain, a lump, nipple thickening, or discharge, or a change in breast shape or size. It is also used to measure abnormalities detected on a screening mammogram. It is a basic medical test and is appropriate in the workup of breast changes, regardless of a woman’s age.

Tips for Getting a Mammography/Mammogram
  • Some female wear a top with a skirt or pants, instead of a dress. You will need to undress from your waist up for the mammography.
  • On the day of your mammography, don’t use perfume, deodorant, or powder on your body. Otherwise, these can show up as white spots on the X-ray.
  • Try to avoid mammography test the week before you get a period or during the period. Because your breasts may be tender or swollen then.
FAQs:

HOW DO WE PREPARE FOR THE MAMMOGRAPHY TEST?

Do not wear deodorant, perfume, powders, or ointments under your arms or on your breasts on the day of the mammogram. These substances may obscure the images. Remove all jewelry from your neck and chest area.

Tell your health care provider and the radiologist if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

HOW IS THE MAMMOGRAPHY TEST PERFORMED?

You will be asked to undress from the waist up and will be given a gown to wear. This test is performed by either sitting or standing.

One breast at a time is rested on a flat surface that contains the x-ray plate. A device called a compressor will be pressed firmly against the breast to help flatten out the breast tissue.

The x-ray pictures are taken from several angles. You may be asked to hold your breath as each picture is taken.

Sometimes you will be asked to come back at a later date for more mammogram images. This does not always mean you have breast cancer. Rather, the doctor may simply need to recheck an area that could not be clearly seen on the first test.

Digital mammography is a newer technique that allows the x-ray image of the breast to be viewed and manipulated on a computer screen. It improves accuracy, but is not yet available everywhere.